What Are Food Allergies?Good question. There are two types of reactions, and they are both the result of food. They are food allergies and food intolerances. Food Allergies are an immune system response to a protein the body has a reaction to because of genetics. Proteins are in most of our canine companion’s foods including meats, grains, and even vegetables. Any protein has the potential to cause a food allergy. The reaction can be minor or life-threatening. Food Intolerances are very different. They result from poor digestion, such as a lack of healthy enzyme activity or bad gut bacteria that leads to the chronic condition. Common symptoms of food allergies tend to be more extreme and can even be life-threatening, but intolerances, while just as uncomfortable, are not as serious.
What Causes Food Allergies?There must be a genetic predisposition to allergies in order for them to develop. It’s a type of immune response and is increasing in prevalence at an alarming rate. There’s a great deal of research going into how tolerance and immunity develop in humans and animals. There are some breeds that have a higher likelihood of developing food allergies, and if any of us are planning on going to a breeder, it’s important that we ask about the line and whether any others in the canine family have food allergies, or allergies of any kind. Cocker Spaniels, Dachshunds, German Shepherds, and Retrievers are the most common breeds to be genetically predisposed to food allergies. The most common allergens are beef, chicken, corn, dairy, eggs, fish, lamb, soy, and wheat. And yes, these are all common ingredients in commercial dog foods. Part of the reason can be that allergies sometimes develop over time because of ongoing exposure. And because these are common ingredients in most commercial dog foods, it also means that sussing out the culprit can be challenging. Dogs can also be allergic to the preservatives and additives in commercial dog food. For more about commercial dog food, check out these articles: Pet Food Labels: Terms You Need To Know Pet Food Labels: A Guide For Informed Dog Guardians Pet Food Labels: A Guide for Informed Dog Guardians, Continued
Common Food Allergy SymptomsFood allergies and our dogs are similar to food allergies and humans. There can be a strong reaction or a mild irritation. Either way, for those of us with dogs who are suffering from food allergies, we should watch for these symptoms. They aren’t normal symptoms for a pup to experience.
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